Summary Report on the 4th Planetary Aeronomy, Magnetism and Space Weather Annual Conference (PAMSAC)

The Space and Planetary Science (SPS) research division at Space Science and Geospatial Institute (SSGI) had taken the initiative and held 2-days international conference in collaboration with Washera Geospace and Radar Science Research Laboratory (WaGRL) at Bahir Dar University (BDU).

The conference was held for the 4th time in Addis Ababa (Elilly International Hotel) during 05-06 June 2024 with the new branded name “ Planetary Aeronomy, Magnetism and Space Weather Annual Conference (PAMSAC)” in a hybrid mode (in-person and webinar) aiming at bringing together all researchers, engineers and lead scientists to discuss and update each other on the current developments of space, planetary and atmospheric sciences to explore our resources, capabilities and opportunities for a concerted partnership on common goals.

For the 2-days conference, 26 abstracts were selected from various universities/institutes located in the country and abroad based on the inquired major thematic areas (such as solar physics, Helospheric physics, ionospheric physics, atmospheric physics and their applications). Of the 26 participants 17 researchers presented their findings in-person and the remaining in the virtual mode. Seasonal variations of ionospheric response to solar flares and its correspondence with atmospheric O/N2 density ratio and Simultaneous study of plasma blobs, MSTIDs and plasma irregularities over low-mid latitude geo-magnetic transition region (India), Solar origin and ground magnetic response to the geomagnetic storm of 23-24 March 2023 (USA), Geomagnetic jerks observed in geomagnetic observatory data over Southern Africa between 2017 and 2023 (South Africa) and Ionosphere-thermosphere response to the January 14, 2022 moderate storm: ICON satellite observation (Praque) were some of the research works presented remotely from abroad (in various universities/ research institutes). The first time meteor radar observation over Bahir Dar, Ethiopia (BDU), Effect of solar flares and coronal mass ejections on terrestrial’s ionosphere (Wolega University, WU), Intercycle and interacycle variation of halo CME rate obtained from SOHO/LASCO observation (Mekelle University, MU), The performance of physics based, empirical, and data assimilation models in characterizing the east African region of the ionosphere (Addis Ababa University, AAU), Spatial modeling and comparative evaluation of machine learning algorithms for PM10 hotspot prediction in Addis Ababa (Haramay University, HU), Ionospheric storm effect of 23–24 March 2023 geomagnetic storm over the African sector (Wolayita Sodo University, WSU), Integrated approach to estimate agricultural drought severity using satellite sensor for drought adaptation and mitigation at district level in north eastern part of Ethiopia (Ethiopia Meteorological Institute, EMI) and Global ionospheric response of G5 class storm of 2024 (SSGI) were some of the research works presented from various universities and institutes in Ethiopia.

The conference was commenced by the opening speech made by Mr. Abdisa Yilma (SSGI General Director) followed by Dr. Nigussie Mezgebe (SPS LEO) and Dr. Melessew Nigussie (BDU) as per the schedule on 05 June 2024 at 8:40 AM, and completed on 06 June 2024 at 5:00 PM as per the schedule, following the 30-minutes panel discussion focusing mainly on the conference name, popularization, venue, securing funds, conference modes, collaboration, shortcomings and the way forward. After discussion, it was evaluated that the event was successful in spite of some shortcomings (such as time management and limitation in experienced international researchers). Popularization of the conference name using various platforms and creating collaborations with international researchers, logo design, hosting the conference at other places (other than Addis Ababa), securing funds, means of compiling the output of the conference, hosting the conference by forming local and international committee were among the assignments taken for future events.

Finally, the conference organizers (SPS and WaGRL) are grateful for the SSGI for funding the 2-days conference.

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